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Case Report
Primary tuberculosis of the breast: A rare case
Luvo Gaxa1, Bafana Elliot Hlatshwayo2
1MBChB, Registrar, Diagnostic Radiology and Imaging, Polokwane-Mankweng Hospital Complex, Polokwane, Limpopo, South Africa.
2Dip Rad Diag, MBChB, MMed Rad D, Senior specialist, Diagnostic Radiology and Imaging, Polokwane-Mankweng Hospital Complex, Polokwane, Limpopo, South Africa.

Article ID: 100014CRINTLG2015

Address correspondence to:
Bafana Elliot Hlatshwayo
P.O Box 571
Kwa - Xuma, Gauteng 1868
South Africa
Phone: +27152875122
Fax: +27862600185

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How to cite this article:
Gaxa L, Hlatshwayo BE. Primary tuberculosis of the breast: A rare case. Case Rep Int 2015;4:34–37.

Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) is a very common entity that is predominant in the developing countries. However, coming across TB of the breast is a rare, exceptional and an exciting experience. Primary breast TB incidence is reported to range between 0.025 and 0.1% in the developed countries compared to the incidence of breast TB in the developing countries which is approximated at 3–4.5% of TB cases. The breast is generally labeled as the body organ which is structured in such a manner that its environment is not conducive for the multiplication of the bacilli.
Case Report: A case of a 32-year-old female presented with an occasionally painful left breast and left axillary lumps over a period of two months duration. She had been well with no remarkable past medical history. There is no history of previous trauma and she was not exposed to people with TB at home and at work. There are no respiratory system signs of TB. Biopsies of the left breast lump as well as that of the left axillary lump were performed and the diagnosis of TB breast and the left axillary was clinched. The patient was then put on anti-TB treatment.
Conclusion: There are no specific clinical or radiological features of TB of breast. The final diagnosis of breast TB is made though histopathological findings. The radiological investigations help with the characterization of the extent of the lesions.

Keywords: Breast, Histopathology, Rare, Tuberculosis (TB)

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Author Contributions
Luvo Gaxa – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Final approval of the version to be published
Bafana Elliot Hlatshwayo – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
© 2015 Luvo Gaxa et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.

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